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Objective: To evaluate the expressions of several apoptotic pathway proteins in relation to clinical parameters and survival in patients with cervical carcinoma. Methods: A total of 20 patients with clinically advanced staged carcinoma of cervix (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics [FIGO] stage IIB-IVA) aged from 40 to 75 years were included in this study. The expression profile of anti-apoptotic protein (sensitive to apoptosis gene [SAG]), mitochondrial apoptotic proteins (B-cell lymphoma-extra-large [Bcl-xL] and Bcl-2 homologous antagonist/killer [Bak]), and tumor suppressor proteins (p73 and p53) were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction experiments along with their relation to clinical parameters and survival analyses during follow-up for 5 to 8 years. Results: No significant difference was found in the expressions of SAG, Bcl-xL, Bak, p73 and p53 proteins with respect to stage and grade of tumor. A significant positive correlation was noted between SAG and Bcl-xL genes (r=0.752, P,0.001) and between SAG and Bak genes (r=0.589, P=0.006). Among genes determined to be significantly associated with overall survival in the univariate analysis (P=0.026 for SAG, P=0.002 for Bcl-xL, and P=0.027 for p53), only p53 was identified as the significant predictor in the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio: 8.53, 95% confidence interval: 1.34–54.2, P=0.023). Conclusion: In conclusion, our findings demonstrated a reverse correlation of SAG, Bcl-xL, and p53 expressions with overall survival of patients. No association of apoptotic pathway proteins with clinicopathological characteristics of cervical carcinoma patients was noted. Low SAG, Bcl-xL, and p53 expression levels revealed to be useful as prognostic predictors in patients with cervical carcinoma
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