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Frequency Of Antimicrobial Resistance Markers Among Pseudomonas Aeruginosa And Escherichia Coli Isolates From Municipal Sewage Effluent Water And Patients In Jordan
Author: Asem A. Shehabi, Ahmed. A. Haider, Manar K. Fayyad
Publisher: Internet Medical Publishing
5 pages
One time payment: €4.00
Required subscription: Academic
Type of publication:
ISBN/ISSN: 2174-9094
DOI: 10:3823/700
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 The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of antimicrobial resistance markers of P. aeruginosa and E.coli isolates from effluent of sewage treatment plants and clinical specimens over the same period in Jordan. A total of 212 Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 54 Escherichia coli isolates were recovered from effluent water, in addition, 65 P. aeruginosa and 50 E.coli isolates were obtained from clinical specimens over the same period. High percentage of P. aeruginosa and E.coli isolates from both sources have similar multi-resistant to > 3 antimicrobial drugs, and carried common Class 1 integrons and resistance genes. The antimicrobial resistance markers; tet(B) gene, tet(A)gene, metalo-β-lactamase genes (blaOXA2 blaVIM2a, blaVIM2b) and aminoglycoside genes (aacA) were detected in both clinical and effluent water isolates. This study indicates that strains isolated from effluent water were highly polluted with antimicrobial resistance markers similar to those observed frequently in clinical bacterial isolates, and these results may contribute to increase accumulation of antimicrobial resistance in the natural environment and to constitute a potential health risk factor. 

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