Recommended

Xantus: Rationale And Design Of A Noninterventi...

Airborne Particulate Matter In Urban Areas And ...

A New Coronary Artery Disease Grading System Co...

Blood, Sweat, And Tears. Angiogenesis, Angiogen...

High-sensitivity C-reactive Protein And Exercis...

0 votes
Cardiorenal Syndrome Type 2: From Diagnosis To Optimal Management
Author: De Vecchis R, Baldi C
Publisher: Derivative Works
13 pages
One time payment: €0.00
Required subscription: Free
Type of publication: Article
ISBN/ISSN: Abstract: The deterioration of renal function, which is linked to chronic heart failure by a chronological and causal relationship (ie, the so-called cardiorenal syndrome [CRS] type 2), has recently become a matter of growing debate. This debate has
DOI: 10.2147/63255
Follow this publisher

Share this publication:

Description:

Abstract: The deterioration of renal function, which is linked to chronic heart failure by a chronological and causal relationship (ie, the so-called cardiorenal syndrome [CRS] type 2), has recently become a matter of growing debate. This debate has concerned the efficacy, safety, and cost effectiveness of the therapies that have been implemented thus far for this syndrome (for example, the intravenous [IV] loop diuretics, such as repeated IV boluses or slow IV infusions, as well as mechanical fluid removal, particularly by means of isolated ultrafiltration [IUF]).

Further controversies have also emerged concerning the optimal dosage and timing of some evidence-based drugs, such as angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors. The present review summarizes the currently used diagnostic tools for detecting renal damage in CRS type 2. Subsequently, the meaning of worsening renal function is outlined, as well as the sometimes inconsistent therapeutic schemes that have been implemented in order to prevent or counteract worsening renal function. The need to elaborate upon more detailed and comprehensive scientific recommendations for targeted prevention and/or therapy of CRS type 2 is also underlined.

The measures usually adopted (such as the more accurate modulation of loop diuretic dose, combined with the exploitation of other diuretics that are able to achieve a sequential blockade of the nephron, as well as the use of IV administration for loop diuretics) are briefly presented.

The concept of diuretic resistance is illustrated, along with the paramount operational principles of IUF in diuretic-resistant patients. Some controversies regarding the comparison of IUF with stepped diuretic therapy in patients with CRS type 2 are also addressed. 

About the publisher:

We are a publishing house devoted to reuse CC-BY licensed published materials.

 

Using CC-BY licenses:

YOU ARE FREE TO:

  • Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material
  • for any purpose, even commercially.
  • The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

UNDER THE FOLLOWING TERMS:

  • No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others
    from doing anything the license permits.

NOTICES:

  • You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
  • No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.

Select a payment method