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Role Of Transition Metals In Onset
Thyroid Disease
Author: Aurelian Udristioiu
Publisher: Emergency County Hospital TARGU-JIU
4 pages
One time payment: €68.20
Required subscription: Clinical
Type of publication: Dissertation
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    In a random test of 100 patients with hyperthyroidism with clinical and paraclinical ascertainment of the diagnosis in 38 cases normo-hypochromic, normocytary anaemia of different expression were found. In the patients with anaemia the serum hormone values were statistically significantly higher than in the 62 patients without anaemia.
    Also cardiotoxic and hepatotoxic findings were more frequently to be proved in patients with anaemia. A causal iron deficiency, deficit of vitamin B12 or folic acid as well as a haemolytic component of the induction of anaemia could vastly be excluded. 
    By means of the treatment of the basic disease and metabolic balance a normalisation of hemoglobin was achieved without additional medication. From the results of the examinations is concluded that above all at hypreotoxic damage is responsible for the development of the anaemia. In cases of oligo-symptomatic hyperthyroidism part from hepatotoxicity and cardiotoxicity also anaemia may become a leading symptom.


    The following study states that 20-60% of patients with hypothyroidism are anemic. It also states that "Anemia is often the first sign of hypothyroidism."  Very important is the observation that anemia in hypothyroidism is often not diagnosed because hypothyroids have a lower volume of plasma which causes a false high estimation of the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. 
    Real values of the degree of anemia are estimated by radioisotopic analysis due to the lower volume of plasma in hypothyroidism causing false high levels of hemoglobin in blood. Anemia is often the first sign of hypothyroidism.  [Figure 3 ].
    Diagnosis of hypothyroidism should be considered in every case of anemia with uncertain etiology because sometimes signs of overt hypothyroidism needn't necessarily be evident. Microcytic, macrocytic and normocytic are regularly described anemias.
    Macrocytic anemia is caused by malabsorption of vitamin B12, folic acid, pernicious anemia and inadequate nutrition. Pernicious anemia occurs 20 times more frequently in patients with hypothyroidism than generally.
Macrocytosis is found in up to 55% patients with hypothyroidism and may result from the insufficiency of the thyroid hormones themselves without nutritive deficit.
    Normocytic anemia, so-called uncomplicated anemia, arises due to thyroid hormones deficit itself not followed by nutritive deficit. This type of anemia is considered to be an adaptation to a decreased basal metabolism.
    Thyroid hormones directly or indirectly, through erythropoietin, stimulate growth of erythroid colonies (BFU-E, CFU-E).
    Acanthocytosis findings in cytologic blood smear suggest hypothyroidism in about 90% of cases.


Anemia in infants with congenital hypothyroidism diagnosed by neonatal screening.
    Women in their child-bearing years need more iron and copper than  women at other ages and men at any age because of the monthly blood loss during menstruation.  Pregnancy, child-birth, and nursing place additional mineral drains on this group of women. This age group of women is the same group that is 8-10 times more likely to get thyroid diseases and autoimmune diseases.
. When a woman develops hyperthyroidism during pregnancy or breast feeding, it also indicates a deficiency of Fe. (SLIDE with Fe.)
    Although anemia is a common finding in adult hypothyroid patients, there are no studies on anemia in hypothyroid infants. Was reviewed the hematologic status during the first year of life in 50 infants with congenital hypothyroidism detected through the regional neonatal screening program.
    The mean age at diagnosis was 23.7 +/- 6.5 days and treatment was initially begun with a mean L-thyroxine dose of 6.8 +/- 1.3 micrograms/kg/day. Clinical and haematological assessments were performed at diagnosis, 3, 6 and 12 months of age.


About the publisher:

- My Book written in Clinical Laboratory Medicine, “ Hematological and Metabolical Aspects from Laboratory Medicine” , confirm the aria of my interest in discovery of carcinogenesis mechanisms, especially in onco-haematology field, Leukemia.


Also, my new e-Book: e-BOOK: Hematological and Metabolical Aspects of Laboratory Medicine (Hematological and Metabolical Aspects from Laboratory Medicine) ( Second Edition ) [Large Print] [Paperback].

Publisher: Aurelian Udristioiu, 2 edition (September 9, 2013) Full Color on White paper, 122 pages. ISBN-13: 978-1492186816 (CreateSpace-Assigned) ISBN-10: 1492186813, BISAC: Medical / Laboratory Medicine, USA. Sold by   

Please, see the Blog of my Medical Book :   




1. Udristioiu A. The Assessment of Uncertainty in Measurement of Cholesterol; A Model of Calculation. Biophysical Journal; Volume 96, Issue 3, Supplement 1, February 2009; Page 504a.

2. Udristioiu A, Florescu Cristina, Popescu Manuela Andrei. “High Concentration of anaerobic ATP implicated in aborted apoptosis from CLL”. LabMedicine, American Journal of Clinical Pathology-ASCP, Manuscript 09-08-LM-S-SCI-0122R1, Published in 04-05/2010.

3. Aurelian Udristioiu. First Hematological Signal of Latent Anemia to Aging Population. Nature Publishing Group. Advance Search 0.1038 npre 2009.3285.1. Creative Common Attribution 3.0 License, accepted for the work online posted.

4. Udristioiu A, Cojocaru M, Florescu C. Screening Tests for Latent Anemia in Hospitalized Adults Over 65.   LabMedicine, American Journal of Clinical Pathology-ASCP, Manuscript  09-11-LM-S-SCI-0156.R1,  Published  in 07-05/2010.USA American Journal of Clinical Pathology p-ISSN: 0002-9173 ICV 38.53 LabMedicine ; Ascp Press) , Impact Factor ISI, IF = 2.853 , 18 Index Copernicus Journals Master List 2006.


1 University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Microbiology, Traian Vuia 6, Sect. 2, 020956,Bucharest, Romania. 6“Stefan S. Nicolau” Virology Institute, Bucharest, Romania. FARMACIA 2010; (57); 3: 420-427 IMPACT FACTOR ISI THOMSON 0.144 .

6. Moleular Biological  Tchiniques  user for identification  of Candida SPP. MANUELA-ANDA RADU-POPESCU1*, SILVIA DUMITRIU2, SIMONA ENACHE-SOARE3,  AURELIAN UDRISTOIU4. 1 University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila, Faculty of Pharmacy. FARMACIA 2010; (58); 4: 422-429

7. Udristioiu A. Role of Mg2+ ion as cofactor ATP in assurance of energetic environment cells( Abstract). Magnesium Research 2011; 24 (1): 22-6.

8. -Aurelian Udristioiu, Radu G. Iliescu, Cristina Popescu. Variability of bilirubin values in serum samples with high triglycerides; interference or congenital liver syndromes. J Biosci Tech Volume 2, Issue 4 (JULY 2011).

9. Aurelian Udristioiu¹*,Radu G. Iliescu², Lucian Udristioiu¹ and Manole Cojocaru. A new approach of abnormal apoptosis as a cause of autoimmunity and malignancy. Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Review Vol. 6(8), pp. 166-171, November 2011 . Available online at <>

10. Aurelian Udristioiu, Cristina Popescu, Manole Cojocaru, Sorina Comisel, Valentina Uscatescu. Relation between LDH and Mg as Factors of Interest in the Monitoring and Prognoses of Cancer. Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine. Ref.:  Ms. No. JBABM-11-48R1 accepted on Jan 27, 2012

11. UDRISTIOIU A. Florescu C, Popescu C, Cojocaru M "Significance of Neutrophil Alkaline Phosphatase versus Isoenzymes ALP in Acute or Chronic Diseases,"accepted for publication in LabMedicine, LabMedicine Manuscript 11-03-LM-U-MR-0052.R2/11/12/2011.

12. Aurelian Udristioiu¹, Radu Iliescu ², Manole Cojocaru³. Errors in Counting Platelets in Hemodialysis Patients by Use of Optical Microscopy. Review of Applied Physics (RAP) Volume 2 Issue 1, March 2013; p: 17-22

13. Aurelian Udristioiu¹, Radu Iliescu ², Manole Cojocaru³. Energetic Levels of Metabolic Pathways in Malignant B and T Cells Mini-Review. Advances in Chemical Science Volume 2 Issue 4, December 2013; 2; 90-95

14. Aurelian Udristioiu¹, Manole Cojocaru² Hemolytic Anemia Drugs Induced by Antihypertensive Agents: A case of Laboratory. 13 Scholars Journal of Medical Case Reports ISSN 2347- 6559. Sch J Med Case Rep 2013; 1(1):8-11

15. Aurelian Udristioiu1*, Radu G. Iliescu2, Manole Cojoraru Molecular mechanisms of bone reconstruction in new dental implant technology. Integrated Journal of British. Volume 1 2014 Issue 1(5-6), pg: 1-7; IJBRITISH.


1.Aurelian Udristioiu. Cicloergometrul si Sanatatea. Ed. Medicala 1990, Bucuresti. ISBN: 973-39-01105-9; Formatul 16/10 x 100; Nr pagini: 78.

2.Aurelian Udristioiu. “Bioenergetica Celulara si Maligna” Ed. Academica Brancusi 2002, Targu Jiu, Bun de tipar, Bucuresti, Tipografia Everest 2001; ISBN 973 85342-6-7; Formatul 16/14 x 100; Nr. Pagini: 307.

3. Aurelian Udristioiu, Manole Cojocaru, Radu Iliescu., Hematological and Metabolic Aspects from Laboratory Medicine" (ISBN 978-3-8473-0775-4). LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG Heinrich-Böcking-Str. 6-8 , 66121, Saarbrücken, Germany, 2012.

4. Book title: Renal Diseases / Book 2 (ISBN 979-953-307-704-7). Chapter title: Variability of Biological Parameters in Blood Samples between Two Consecutive Schedules of Hemodyalsis

Authors: Aurelian Udristioiu, Manole Cojocaru, Victor Dumitrascu, Daliborca Cristina Vlad, Alexandra Dana Maria Panait and Radu Iliescu, Publishing Group 2011., Volume 2, Issue 4 (JULY 2011)

5. e-BOOK: Hematological and Metabolical Aspects of Laboratory Medicine (Hematological and Metabolical Aspects from Laboratory Medicine) ( Second Edition ) [Large Print] [Paperback].


Publisher: Aurelian Udristioiu, 2 edition (September 9, 2013) Full Color on White paper, 122 pages. ISBN-13: 978-1492186816 (CreateSpace-Assigned) ISBN-10: 1492186813, BISAC: Medical / Laboratory Medicine, USA. Sold by  

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