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Seven risk factors account for 56.1% of the attributable disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in western Europe: dietary risks, smoking, high blood pressure, high body mass index (BMI), physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, and high fasting plasma glucose . Although such a figure reflects the predominant burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in high-income countries, it is becoming a priority also in middle-income and lowincome countries . By addressing such risk factors, prevention and health promotion can play a major role in reducing the burden of NCDs. The crucial function of prevention in tackling the NCDs epidemic is shared globally, as highlighted by the WHO programme ‘‘Gaining Health’’ and, more recently, by the United Nations High-Level Meeting on NCDs—in which prevention has been included among the five priority actions needed globally and nationally to respond to the NCDs epidemic.
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